The 9x19mm Parabellum is a handgun cartridge introduced in 1902 by the German weapons manufacturer Deutsche Waffen und Munitionsfabriken (DWM) for their Luger guns. Because of this, it is commonly called the 9mm Luger cartridge. Its parent cartridge was the 7.65x22mm Parabellum, itself a descendant of the earlier 7.65x25mm Borchardt cartridge. The 9mm Parabellum is commonly used in handguns, submachine guns, guns and carbines